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Whenever approaching a buoy, check to see if you are being set on to it by the tide!


If a vessel is on a collision course with a buoy, the buoy will appear to be fixed against the background.

If the background appears to be moving to one side of the buoy, that is the side of the buoy that the vessel will end up.

Crews must be trained to make this judgement every time they approach a mark of any sort, especially when sailing in tidal waters.

In the Solent, the boat may be set off the course steered by as much as 45°, in conditions like that it is very easy to be pinned down on to a buoy and cause considerable damage.




"Water Wise" is Rand Water's environmental brand. It is a campaign aimed at increasing awareness of the need to value water and to use it wisely. South Africa is a water stressed country, and the water resources are under tremendous pressure from a growing population, ongoing development, pollution, wetland destruction, alien invasive plants and the effects of global warming.

The amount of water available for use remains the same, and despite plans to increase storage capacity through the building of new dams or water transfer schemes, predictions are that the demand for water will outstrip supply by 2025. The only answer to this dilemma lies in changing people's attitude and thus their behaviour to use water more wisely, and in this regard Rand Water’s “Water Wise” campaign is visionary.

The campaign has been forging partnerships and developing relationships for over a decade, bringing the “Water Wise” message to Gauteng and South Africa.

Source: http://www.waterwise.co.za/site/home.html


May 2015 News


Miroshca provides superior stability ensuring spectacular Whale watching with superior comfort and safety.

Miroshca is licensed to carry 70 passengers and 5 crew members. The catamaran was specifically designed for Whale watching and leisure cruising.

Source : http://www.southernrightcharters.co.za/

We had the privilege to assist in a project to get Miroshca looking as good as new again. Hard work and some sweat and tears, but in the end it was all worth it.




The 3 measurements of anchor chain diameter

Normally the chain diameter of ships should be measured during the Docking Survey. But it is not easy to measure. The below information will help to some extent. Photo and drawing are available if you have interest.

The original diameter

The original diameter is given in the survey report but sometimes the original diameter is unknown because of the report cannot be found on site. We can guess the original diameter measuring the length of the link and divide it by 6. The result will be the original diameter. The length of the link, even in old ships, shows practically no change.

The measured diameter

It is difficult to measure the diameter of all links in the limited docking period, so they pick out 2 or 3 cables on both P and S-side at random and measure the diameter of both end and middle link. The average value is the chain diameter. Measured diameter should be entered in the survey report for the next docking survey.

The wear limit of diameter

The wear limit was 10% according to conventional rules, but after the unification of the IACS standards, this limit has been amended to 12%. When the rule diameter of the chain is 100 mm, a diameter up to 88 mm may be acceptable. If the average value of measured diameter is exceeds 12% the chain cable should be renewed. But the chain cable is a production by order so it is impossible to get the new one immediately. Generally surveyor makes an outstanding recommendation within six months or so.


The Best Time of Year to Take a Mediterranean Cruise

The Mediterranean climate is very similar to that of Southern California, with warm sunny summers and cool, wet winters. Traditionally, summer time is the peak cruise period for the Mediterranean, though shoulder season (fall and spring)--and even winter season--cruises offer intriguing alternatives for tourists looking to avoid the crowds.     

Location Differences

Your cruise destinations may play a part in when you decide to go. The southern nations along the coast of Africa tend to be warmer and drier than those on the European side. Eastern Mediterranean countries, such as Greece and Turkey, are often warmer and drier than those in the west. Such nations may make a more appealing winter cruise than western nations such as Spain or Italy, since rainfall is limited and daytime highs remain tolerable.

 Peak Season

Peak season runs from May until August, when the climate is the most appealing. Temperatures are high -- 70s and 80s in most Mediterranean locales -- and rainfall is largely nonexistent. Cruise ships tend to fill with a greater variety of people, allowing for more social interactions, and the museums and sites of the region are open for tourists. Crowds tend to swell, however, making it more difficult to visit key sites. The hot sun can be oppressive as well, especially if the region experiences a heat wave.

Shoulder Season

Shoulder season takes place in March and April in the spring and September and October in the fall. Adventure Life International, Cruise Critic, and other experts consider this the best time to take a cruise; the weather remains cooperative with mild clear days, and the crowds are smaller than they are in July and August. Itineraries may be more limited than they are in the summer, however, and cruises may be shorter.

Off Season

Winter is the off-season in the Mediterranean -- November through February when the temperatures drop and the seas are choppy. Some cruise lines don’t run in the winter time at all, while others limit their cruises to southern regions such as Morocco and the Canary Islands. Rain can upset plans to lie on the beach, and some museums may have limited hours of operation. On the plus side, crowds are extremely light, and many cruises offer discounts on ticket prices. Some cruise lines also unveil their newest ships in the Mediterranean in the off season.

Source: www.raveltips.usatoday.com  


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